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The Irish Data Protection Commissioner (DPC) opened a public consultation seeking submissions regarding consent requirements, in particular consent for minors in the context of the implementation of the General Data Protection Regulation. The DPC in...

The Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), the Data Protection authority, published a draft guidance document  on consent. The draft document offers brief guidance on how the requirement of consent by minors in the General Data Prot...

The French Data Protection Authority, CNIL, launched a public consultation on 23 February on consent requirements, and in particular on consent of minors, as part of its work on interpretation and implementation of the General Data Protection Regulat...

Germany’s Federal Network Agency, the telecommunications watchdog, ordered parents to destroy or disable My Friend Cayla doll, a smart connected doll, because of the risks it creates for children’s privacy and safety. The doll, which allo...

Privacy groups in the EU and the US have launched a campaign and started filing complaints to relevant national authorities against internet-connected dolls, which they believe violate children’s privacy. The combined advocacy effort was trigge...

After a two year investigation, New York Attorney General announced on 13 September 2016 that Viacom, Mattel, JumpStart, and Hasbro's websites violated the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) by allowing third-parties to collect ch...

Last week, Senator Mark Warner (D-Virginia) sent a letter to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC)’s Chairwomen Edith Ramirez urging the FTC to work with Congress to increase the protection of children’s privacy from connected toys which can...

The National Center for Education Policy at the University of Colorado has released its annual report which found that schools have become ‘soft targets’ for companies that gather data and market to children because of their eagernes...

Following concerns raised by Senator Al Franken, member of the Judiciary Subcommittee on Privacy, Technology and the Law, Google clarified in a public letter that it does not use students’ personal information to serve targeted advertisements. ...

A database used by 3.3 million Hello Kitty fans worldwide, likely including many children, was discovered online after servers were hit last month. The official online community database for Hello Kitty and other Sanrio characters sanriotown.com inc...

In August, Delaware Governor Jack Markell signed into law the Delaware Online Privacy and Protection Act (DOPPA), which places restrictions on online marketing and advertising to children.  Unlike the federal Children’s Online Privacy Prot...

On 11 June, Senators J. Markey (D-Mass.), Joe Barton (R-Texas), Mark Kirk (R-Ill.), Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.) and Bobby Rush (D-Ill.) reintroduced the “Do Not Track Kids” Act which aims to extend the provisions of the Children&rsq...

29 data protection authorities (DPAs) in 20 countries, including Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Colombia, Estonia, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, New Zealand, Republic of Macedonia,...

On 27 April, users of the website Nick.com filed a brief with the 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals aiming to revive a lawsuit accusing Viacom and Google of violating privacy laws. According to the plaintiffs, Viacom violated users' video privacy rights b...

On 20 January, a federal judge in Newark, New Jersey dismissed the national wide privacy lawsuit against Google and Viacom accusing both companies of violating privacy of children under 13 by tracking their activities on Nickelodeon’s website. ...

During his annual State of the Union address, President Barack Obama highlighted the importance of children's privacy and cyber security. The President emphasised that "no foreign nation, no hacker, should be able to shut down our networks, stea...

The Federal Trade Commission has warned China-based developer BabyBus that its app range that teaches letters, numbers and shapes to children from ages one to six may be in violation of the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) Rule....

On  the 25th Anniversary of the United Nation’s Convention on the Rights of the Child members of the House of Lords discussed the impact of the convention on children’s and young people’s online and digital interactions. The di...

On 12 November, the Family Online Safety Institute (FOSI) released a report entitled: "Parenting in the Digital Age: How parents weigh the potential benefits and harms of their children's technology use" which reveals that while the majority of ...

Following an investigation by the Dutch Data Protection Authority (DPA) of the ‘Okki Gekke-bekken-club’ app for children, the DPA concluded that several features of the app violated the Dutch Data Protection Act. The company responsible f...

On 5 September, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) – the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies (ICT), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and partners of the Child Online Protec...

In an analysis of 40 websites popular among children, researchers found the majority of them tracked user activity, which may violate the US Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). According to COPPA, website operators and mobile app devel...

On 26 June, EU Kids Online, a research network focusing on children’s safety on the Internet, presented the findings of its latest research project at a meeting of the CEO coalition. The organisation’s representative, Sonia Livingstone, p...

A draft bill introduced last week by Senators Ed Markey (D-Mass.) and Orrin Hatch (R-Utah) aims to tighten controls on student records and give parents the right to review and correct some of the information private companies hold on their children a...

In a press release published on 30 April, Google announced its decision to remove all Gmail messages ad scanning for Apps for Education service, a Google service which offers the company's cloud computing apps to schools and universities free of char...

According to news reports, the FTC has begun investigating tech companies suspected of violating the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). The COPPA law was revised last year and entered into force on 1 January 2014, but the FTC ga...

A federal judge in California dismissed a proposed class action lawsuit against Facebook, which sought to represent minors who used the social media website and had their names used in advertisements. At issue was Facebook's use of minors' name...

A draft bill introduced in the State of Delaware Legislature on 18 March by Democrat representative D. Scott would require operators of a website, online service, online application, or mobile application directed to minors – or with “act...

On 30 January, the Office of Fair Trading (OFT) released eight final principles to ensure that apps do not breach consumer protection law. As of 1 April, app developers and publishers must make sure their games comply with the law, particularly ...

On 28 January, the Federal Trade Commission released an updated version of its 2009 consumer guide “Net Cetera: Chatting with Kids About Being Online.” The revised booklet reflects changes in the online world and contains updated informat...

On 18 December, privacy advocates the Center for Digital Democracy filed a complaint with the Federal Trade Commission against Disney’s subsidiary Marvelkids.com and Sanrio, - known for its Hello Kitty character - for violating the recently upd...

On 14 November, Senators Ed Markey (D-Mass.),  Joe Barton (R-Tex.), Mark Kirk (R-Ill.) and Bobby Rush (D-Ill.)  introduced a joint bill to extend, enhance and update the provisions relating to the collection, use and disclosure of children&...

On 21 October, members of the European Parliament (EP)'s Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (LIBE) adopted with 49 votes in favour, 1 against and 3 abstentions an amended version of Commission’s Proposal for a Data Protectio...

Children using cloud computing technologies at school are at risk of being tracked and profiled for online advertising purposes, according to a report by privacy campaign group ‘SafeGov.org’. The study, released on 24 September, fou...

On 23 September, California Governor signed into law a bill which aims to increase children's online privacy protection. Importantly, the law requires all social networking sites to provide a delete button for minors as of 1 January 2015 and prohibit...

On 4 September, six US privacy organisations sent a joint letter to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and to members of Congress expressing concerns over Facebook’s new privacy policy which states that users under 18, in signing up to Facebook...

The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is seeking public comment on a proposed automated verifiable parental consent method submitted by US company AssertID for approval under the updated Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) effect...

Research by the Wall Street Journal released on 27 June found that 28 out of 40 free popular child-targeted apps sent data to other companies that provide analytics services tracking the ways people use particular apps. The WSJ concludes that three ...

A national survey of 1000 parents about online privacy in schools found that four in five Australian parents want a ban on data mining of student’s online activity to protect their children from online advertising. More than 90% of respondents ...

In a letter sent to Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Chairman Edith Ramirez on 23 April, nearly 20 privacy and children’s advocacy groups wrote that delaying the enforcement of the revised Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA), as requ...

A bill introduced by California State Senator Ellen Corbett (D-San Leandro) aims at regulating privacy on social networking websites by enabling parents or legal guardians of children under 18 residing in California to request their child’s inf...

On 25 March, the Senate of the State of Maryland passed a bill to protect children's personal data online. The original proposal, introduced on 25 January by Democrat Senator John C. Astle, aimed to prohibit the use of children's personal information...

A draft bill introduced by Democrat California Assemblywoman Nora Campos in February 2013 would require websites or online services that collect information about under 18 years old residing in California to share this information with their parents,...

On 8 March, research center “The Public Health Advocacy Institute” (PHAI)* published a legal issue brief designed to help State Attorneys General and stakeholders in children’s health and privacy challenge digital viral food marketi...

On 7 February, the European Consumer Consultative Group (ECCG), a consultative body of the European Commission adopted an Opinion in which it calls for EU comprehensive policies covering all forms of marketing and advertising of “less healthy f...

On 22 January, speaking at the Oxford Media Convention, Simon Milner, Facebook director of policy for UK and Ireland, admitted that there is almost nothing Facebook  can do to stop children under 13 years old setting up profiles. He said that i...

Claire Perry, a Conservative MP serving as David Cameron’s adviser on childhood, has called for privacy legislation to be revised in order to allow parents to monitor their children’s internet and mobile communications. Appointed last mo...

On 20 December, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) published a report entitled “Understanding the Opportunities and Challenges related to Measuring Information Security, Privacy and the Protection of Children Onli...

On 19 December, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) unveiled new rules strengthening children’s online and mobile privacy. The changes made to the 1998 Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) roughly follow those proposed by the F...

On 13 December, a broad coalition of nearly 60 organisations advocating for children, health, parents, privacy, and consumers wrote to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) urging it to take into account recent advances in technology and new online mark...

On 10 December, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced the launch of a non-public investigation to determine whether certain entities in the mobile app marketplace are violating the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) or enga...

A survey of over 2000 adults finds overwhelming support for the basic principles of the US Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). A large majority of respondents in the survey (90%) expressed support for COPPA’s basic requireme...

According to the results of a new survey by the Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Life (”Pew Internet Center”), 81% of teens’ parents say they are concerned about how much information advertisers can be learned abo...

The French Children's Ombudsman has put forward ten proposals to increase the protection of children in our increasingly technological world in an extensive report published on 20 November 2012, entitled “Children and screens: growing up in the...

On 15 November 2012,  the Federation of German Consumer Organisations (VZBV) published the results of a study on “Consumer rights in the digital world”. The study analysed 52 websites for children and found that advertising on h...

On 22 October, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released nonbinding privacy protection guidelines for companies using facial recognition technology, such as operators of social networking sites and mobile apps developers. The guidelines outline bes...

According to the Washington Post, McDonald’s said in a statement on 20 October that social networking features were removed from its online games in response to a complaint put forward to the FTC by a coalition of children’s advocacy, hea...

On 9 October, the European Parliament’s Committee on Culture and Education adopted an own-initiative report on "Protecting children in the digital world" which calls for improved controls over children’s privacy when using mobile phones, ...

On 3 October, FTC Commissioner Edith Ramirez announced that Artist Arena, the operator of fan sites for musicians Justin Bieber, Rihanna, and Demi Lovato, agreed to pay a $1 million fine for illegally collecting information of 100 000 users under the...

In comments sent recently to the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), social networking site Facebook asked the Federal agency to soften its proposal for a revision of the Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). Facebook asks the FTC to c...

On 12 September, Representative Ed Markey (D-Mass.) released a proposal which would require mobile phone companies to disclose the presence of a monitoring software on a phone, the type and use of information collected, whom the information is transm...

On 5 September, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) released a set of basic guidelines to help mobile application (“apps”) developers comply with the relevant legislation. The guide, entitled “Marketing Your Mobile App: Get It Right...

Research published in the Journal Appetite insists that current policies addressing food marketing to children fail to take into account the interactive nature of digital marketing. The author, Georgina Cairns of the University of Stirling,...

In an official opinion published on 31 July, the European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) considers “unacceptable” that the threshold for children’s parental consent is set at 13 years old in the Commission’s pr...

On 1 August, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) proposed revisions to the 2000 Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA). Importantly, the FTC proposes to extend the application of COPPA to third parties collecting personal data (including thr...

An academic article by K. Montgomery and J. Chester entitled: “The New Threat of Digital Marketing” calls for the development of safeguards through a combination of policy and self-regulatory activities addressing concerns raised by the u...

On 18 May, an alliance of consumer and child privacy advocates sent a letter pressing Facebook chief executive Mark Zuckerberg to beef up privacy and marketing safeguards for children if it goes forward with plans to allow children under 13 to u...

Among the new features being tested is the possibility to connect children’s accounts to their parents’ to allow them to control some of the network’s key features, including friends and applications. Parents would also be charged f...

A survey from the Irish internet watchdog Hotline.ie released on 13 March found that only 37% of parents have installed filtering software on their home computers, allowing them to block their children’s access to certain websites. In February...

On 16 February, the Council of the Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) adopted a recommendation to member states’ governments calling for enhanced children’s online protection. The Council is the OECD decis...

On 19 October, the Center for Digital Democracy (CDD) announced that consumer groups* have filed a complaint  with the Federal Trade Commission against PepsiCo/Frito-Lays urging it to take action and prevent future similar deceptive advertising ...

On 30 September, the European Commission published the second part of its report on the implementation of the "Safer Social Networking Principles”, an agreement signed in 2009 between the European Commission and 21 social networking sites to gu...

On 15 June, Democrat Senators Al Franken and Richard Blumenthal introduced the Location Privacy Protection Act of 2011 (the “Act”), to regulate the collection and processing of location data on smartphones. The Act suggests prohibiting th...

On 12 May, the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) announced having reached a settlement with Playdom Inc., an operator of numerous online virtual worlds, over charges that they violated the Children’s Online Privacy Protection (COPPA) Rule by il...

On 3 May 2011, an American citizen filed a civil suit against social networking site Facebook for letting children “Like” brands without getting permission from the parents or guardians. Since November 2007, Facebook allows users to clic...

A report published by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) on 28 March 2011 looks at “the impact of social media on children, adolescents, and families” and finds that the lack of understanding of online privacy issues and the influen...




Joseph Savirimuthu, Senior Lecturer in Law at the University of Liverpool, argues that the revised EU General Data Protection Regulation, announced in December 2015, has been poorly thought through and, by preventing children from consenting to the u...

Many developers began holding their breath when changes to COPPA, the federal rule related to children’s online privacy, went into effect in July. Pretty much every app catering to children under 13 was in violation of the law, complained peopl...

There's a debate heating up over the recent changes to the children's privacy law in the United States. While some brands and websites directed at kids say the revised law hurts ad revenue through tighter restrictions around advertising, fo...

Dan Russell-Pinson has designed some of the top educational children’s apps for the iPhone and iPad. Monster Physics is a game that lets kids build virtual contraptions, operated by a customizable furry monster, to complete missions — ...